The musical instrument training has an important place within the general education. Instrument training is also very important in terms of students' social and personal development and the ability to play, listen and read music, to understand music and create music knowledge. Different types of instruments are used in music education in various countries. The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between the type of the instrument and the ability to play instruments and the academic and social achievements of the students. This study was performed over data obtained from three different countries. Students from each country studying in high school (aged 16-17) who have been playing a musical instrument for at least a year have been interviewed. Quantitative research methods have been used in the research. Data analysis and other materials have been examined in an objective and systematic way. SPSS v17.0 (SPSS Science, Chicago, IL, USA) was used in data analysis. The value of p<0.05 was taken into account when calculating statistical differences between groups. ANOVA, INDEPENDENT SAMPLES T-TEST AND PEARSON CORRELATION analyzes were used to determine whether there was a difference between the groups. In the study, the success rate by the mathematics success scores was found to be high in England and low in Turkey. In Turkey, instrument training is provided mostly for flute (68%), for trombone in Spain and drum in Greece and England. It has been concluded that Clarinet and Saxophone training in Greece and Tuba training in England have more effect on mathematics achievement while Drum training in England, Drum and percussion training in Spain and Trombone training in Greece have more effect on social sciences achievement.
Keywords: Instrument, Training, Student, High School