The transition of a child from the family to school is a critical process where the child needs a serious adjustment at school environment especially with his peer group. Not all the children at school could form a satisfactory relationship with their peers through social interactions.In the process of social adjustment, a childs credibility to form a satisfactory relationship with his peers resembles the level of social satisfaction he has. Difficulty in forming satisfactory peer relationship at school is a crucial factor for the development of loneliness among the children.The phenomenon of loneliness in children merits investigation is its own right since relatively little is known about the concern and emotional lives of children. This study, therefore, was designed to identify the feeling of loneliness among the in preschool. About 130 children of a public preschool (in Antalya) have been chosen as respondents for this study. A questionnaire was developed to assess loneliness and social dissatisfaction among children in preschool.The questionnaire was formatted into two different sections. For the first section of the questionnaire, sixitems were focused on childrens background (i.e., gender, age, parents background, childs levelof education at preschool and number of friends at school).The second section of the questionnaire contained Turkish adopted version of Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Questionnaire by Yazıcı, Duyan and Gelbal (2013) . The original 24-item Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Questionnaire designed by Asher, et al. (1984), as modified by Cassidy & Asher (1992) were being used in the present study. Statistical methods, which are suitable for the features and structures of variables as parametric and non-parametric, are used for statistical analysis of the research. In this study, it is found that nearly half of 5-6 year olds suffer from social loneliness and dissatisfaction at school. Moreover, it is stated that siblings, gender and structure of family have also significant roles on loneliness among children.
Keywords: Loneliness, Social Dissatisfaction, Preschool, Social Interaction